Measurement of funny current (I(f)) channel mRNA in human atrial tissue: Correlation with left atrial filling pressure and atrial fibrillation

Ling Ping Lai, Ming Jai Su, Jiunn Lee Lin, Chang Her Tsai, Fang Yue Lin, Yih Sharng Chen, Juey Jen Hwang, Shoei K. Stephen Huang, Yung Zu Tseng, Wen Pin Lien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: The funny current (I(f)) contributes to phase IV spontaneous depolarization in cardiac pacemaker tissue. Enhanced I(f) activity in myocardial tissue may lead to increased automaticity and therefore tachyarrhythmia. We measured the amount of I(f) activity in the messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) in human atrial tissue and correlated the mRNA amount to left atrial filling pressure and atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods and Results: A total of 34 patients undergoing open heart surgery were included (15 men and 19 women, aged 55 ± 10 years). Atrial tissue was obtained from the right atrial free wall, the right atrial appendage, the left atrial free wall, and the left atrial appendage, respectively. The mRNA amount of the I(f) channel was measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and was normalized to the mRNA levels of glyceraldehyde 3- phosphate dehydrogenase. We found that the I(f) channel mRNA was present at all the atrial sampling sites. A higher left atrial filling pressure, an indicator of congestive heart failure, was associated with a higher I(f) mRNA level (r2 = 0.446, P < 0.01 by linear regression). We also found that the mRNA amount was significantly higher in patients with AF than in patients without AF (1.68 ± 0.49 vs 1.27 ± 0.43; P < 0.05). Age, sex, right atrial filling pressure, left atrial dimension, and left ventricular ejection fraction had no significant effect on the mRNA level. Conclusion: The mRNA of the I(f) channel is present in the free-wall area and appendage area from both atria. Increased left atrial filling pressure and clinical AF are associated with increased I(f) mRNA level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)947-953
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Funny current
  • Left atrial filling pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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