Malakoplakia and xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis treated with nephrectomy: A case report

Yueh Pan, Ying Chui Hong, Hung Jen Shih, Chin Pao Chang, Sheng Hsien Huang, Sheng Chuan Wu, Liang Ming Lee, Yu Ching Wen, Chih Chen Hsu, Chi Hao Hsiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


RATIONALE: Malakoplakia and xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis are chronic inflammatory conditions of the kidney characterized by the infiltration of inflammatory cells. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 82-year-old female patient had a history of hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and end-stage renal disease under hemodialysis. She was admitted repeatedly 4 times within 4 months due to urosepsis. DIAGNOSIS: The enlarged right kidney with a low-density lesion at the right middle calyx, and a well-enhanced ureter were noted on the computed tomography scan. Therefore, xanthogranulomatous inflammation was suspected. Semi-rigid ureteroscopy with biopsy was performed, and xanthogranulomatous inflammation of the ureter was confirmed on the pathology report. INTERVENTIONS: After right open radical nephrectomy was performed, the final pathology report revealed malakoplakia with xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis. OUTCOMES: After the surgery, she has no longer suffered from urosepsis for 8 months, and there were no adverse event or recurrence noted. LESSONS: With this case report, we aim to emphasize that these 2 diseases are not mutually exclusive, but they may exist simultaneously in the same patient.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere27137
Pages (from-to)e27137
Issue number36
Publication statusPublished - Sept 10 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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