Low frequency of target organ damage in Taiwanese with white coat hypertension

Yung Zu Tseng, Fu Tien Chiang, Kwan Lih Hsu, Huey Ming Lo, Chuen Den Tseng, Jiunn Lee Lin, Juey Jen Hwang, Ling Ping Lai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background and Purpose: The clinical importance of white coat hypertension (WCH) remains to be clarified. This study investigated the target organ damage in Taiwanese with WCH. Methods: A total of 188 consecutive Taiwanese (88 men and 100 women), aged 26 to 75 years who had an abnormal office casual blood pressure (systolic blood pressure > 140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure > 90 mm Hg or both) and a normal ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) average (systolic ABP average < 140 mm Hg and diastolic ABP average < 90 mm Hg) at the outpatient clinic or from a mass survey were enrolled. Office casual blood pressure measurements were obtained by standard sphygmomanometric methods. Twenty-four-hour blood pressures were recorded by a commercial ambulatory pressure recorder (Del Mar Avionics, Model 1990 Pressurometer IV System). Hypertension-related target organ complications were assessed by electrocardiogram, chest X-ray, urinalysis and eye fundus examinations. Results: Target organ damage was found in 6.4% of subjects with WCH. Roentgenographic left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) was found in 1.1% of subjects and electrocardiographic LVH in 2.7%. Proteinuria was found in 1.6% of subjects and retinopathy in 1.1%. The frequencies of various target organ damage were not significantly associated with age, gender and the definition of normal ABP average as 135/85 mm Hg or 140/90 mm Hg. Conclusions: WCH represents a low-risk stratum for target organ damage in Taiwanese. These subjects should be identified and followed up regularly. The factors responsible for the low frequency of target organ damage in Taiwanese with WCH need further study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-332
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
  • Blood pressure determination
  • Left ventricular hypertrophy
  • Proteinuria
  • Retinal diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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