Long-term care planning and the influencing factors among sexual minority older women: A qualitative study

Ya Ching Wang, Nae Fang Miao, Frank T.Y. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aims: The aim of the study was to explore plans, considerations and factors influencing long-term care among older sexual minority (SM) women. Design: Qualitative interview study. Methods: Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 37 older Taiwanese SM women between May and September 2019. This study analysed interview data using a socio-ecological model and constant comparative analysis. Results: The most frequently reported long-term care plans were housing and institutions, private medical or long-term care insurance, financial planning and medical decisions. Factors associated with women's long-term care plans were categorized using the socio-ecological model level: (1) intrapersonal factors: current physical and mental health status, ageing signs and women's attitudes towards ageing; (2) interpersonal-level factors: receiving support from partners, child(ren), siblings or significant others, concerns about being a caregiver for parents and worries regarding social isolation; (3) community-level factors: receiving support from lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) organizations; private lesbian online groups; or religious groups; (4) societal-level factors: concerns about negative social environments, concerns about the healthcare system and healthcare providers, inappropriate policies and insufficient resources. Conclusion: This study identified multi-level factors related to long-term care plans and concerns among older Taiwanese SM women. Recommendations for nurses, managers of long-term care and healthcare settings, policymakers, and governments have been provided to diminish health disparities and reduce anxiety among older SM women. Impact: This study assists nurses in understanding older SM women's long-term care concerns and worries when accessing long-term care and healthcare services and helps nurses provide SM-sensitive services and care for women. Patient or Public Contribution: SM older women were recruited from LGBT organizations, LGBT-friendly bookstores, restaurants, coffee shops and LGBT online chatrooms using purposive and snowball sampling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)526-537
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024


  • health disparities
  • long-term care
  • qualitative
  • sexual minority women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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