Light converting inorganic phosphors for white light-emitting diodes

Lei Chen, Chun Che Lin, Chiao Wen Yeh, Ru Shi Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

510 Citations (Scopus)


White light-emitting diodes (WLEDs) have matched the emission efficiency of florescent lights and will rapidly spread as light source for homes and offices in the next 5 to 10 years. WLEDs provide a light element having a semiconductor light emitting layer (blue or near-ultraviolet (nUV) LEDs) and photoluminescence phosphors. These solidstate LED lamps, rather than organic light emitting diode (OLED) or polymer lightemitting diode (PLED), have a number of advantages over conventional incandescent bulbs and halogen lamps, such as high efficiency to convert electrical energy into light, reliability and long operating lifetime. To meet with the further requirement of high color rendering index, warm light with low color temperature, high thermal stability and higher energy efficiency for WLEDs, new phosphors that can absorb excitation energy from blue or nUV LEDs and generate visible emissions efficiently are desired. The criteria of choosing the best phosphors, for blue (450-480 nm) and nUV (380-400 nm) LEDs, strongly depends on the absorption and emission of the phosphors. Moreover, the balance of light between the emission from blue-nUV LEDs and the emissions from phosphors (such as yellow from Y3Al5O12:Ce3+) is important to obtain white light with proper color rendering index and color temperature. Here, we will review the status of phosphors for LEDs and prospect the future development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2172-2195
Number of pages24
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Color rendering index (Ra)
  • Light-emitting diode (LED)
  • Luminescence efficiency
  • Phosphors
  • Thermal stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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