Laser-milled microslits improve the bonding strength of acrylic resin to zirconia ceramics

Saiji Shimoe, Tzu Yu Peng, Yuki Wakabayashi, Hiroto Takenaka, Shogo Iwaguro, Masato Kaku

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Heightened aesthetic considerations in modern dentistry have generated increased interest in metal-free "zirconia-supported dentures. " The lifespan of the denture is largely determined by the strength of adhesion between zirconia and the acrylic resin. Thus, the effect on shear bond strength (SBS) was investigated by using an acrylic resin on two types of zirconia ceramics with differently sized microslits. Micromechanical reticular retention was created on the zirconia surface as the novel treatment (microslits (MS), and air-abrasion was used as the control (CON). All samples were primed prior to acrylic resin polymerization. After the resin was cured, the SBS was tested. The obtained data were analyzed by using multivariate analysis of variance(α = 0.05). After the SBS test, the interface failure modes were observed by scanning electron microscopy. The MS exhibited significantly higher bond strength after thermal cycles (p < 0.05) than the CON. Nevertheless, statistically comparisons resulted in no significant effect of the differently sized microslits on SBS (p > 0.05). Additionally, MS (before thermal cycles: 34.8 ± 3.6 to 35.7 ± 4.0 MPa; after thermal cycles: 26.9 ± 3.1 to 32.6 ± 3.3 MPa) demonstrated greater SBS and bonding durability than that of CON (before thermal cycles: 17.3 ± 4.7 to 17.9 ± 5.8 MPa; after thermal cycles: 1.0 ± 0.3 to 1.7 ± 1.1 MPa), confirming that the micromechanical retention with laser-milled microslits was effective at enhancing the bonding strength and durability of the acrylic resin and zirconia. Polycrystalline zirconia-based ceramics are a newly accessible material for improving removable prosthodontic treatment, as the bond strength with acrylic resin can be greatly enhanced by laser milling.

Original languageEnglish
Article number817
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Acrylic resin
  • Bond strength
  • Laser
  • Thermocycling
  • Zirconium oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics


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