Large-area TiO2 nanotube dye-sensitized solar cells using thermal-sprayed Ti layers on stainless steel

Chien Chon Chen, Wern Dare Jheng, Chung Kwei Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


This work presents large-scale dye-sensitized solar cells and methods for their manufacture. A dye-sensitized solar cell device contains a photosensitive dye adsorbed on a large surface of the anode, and a transparent conductive cathode disposed opposite the anode, wherein platinum nano-catalytic particles adhere to its surface, and an electrolytic solution is sealed between the anode and the transparent conductive cathode. A titania nanotube film was fabricated by thermo-spraying titanium film on 304 stainless-steel substrate. The photo-current conversion efficiency was tested under an AM 1.5 solar simulator. The dye-sensitized solar cell device has a short current density of 8.22 mA cm-2, open voltage of 0.71 V, fill factor of 0.59, and conversion efficiency of 3.4%. The internal impedance of the dye-sensitized solar cell was detected and simulated using an electrical impedance spectra technique with inductance, resistance, and capacitance characteristics. The stainless-steel/titania, titania/electrolyte, electrolyte, and electrolyte/(platinum/indium tin oxide) interfaces were simulated using an resistor-capacitor parallel circuit, and bulk materials such as stainless steel, tin doped indium oxide, and conducting wire were simulated by using a series of resistors and inductance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3221-3226
Number of pages6
JournalCeramics International
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014


  • Dye-sensitized solar cell
  • Efficiency
  • Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
  • Equivalent circuit
  • Stainless-steel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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