Kaempferol from Semen cuscutae attenuates the immune function of dendritic cells

Ming Kuem Lin, Yen Ling Yu, Kai Chieh Chen, Wen Te Chang, Meng Shiou Lee, Meng Ja Yang, Hsin Chung Cheng, Chien Heng Liu, Dz Chi Chen, Ching Liang Chu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)


Dendritic cells (DCs) are the critical leukocytes in regulating immune responses. Accordingly, DCs are the major target in the development of immunomodulators. In this study, we examined the effect of Semen cuscutae (SC), an important traditional Chinese medicine, on mouse bone marrow-derived DCs. We found that the n-butanol and methanol extracts of SC significantly suppressed LPS-stimulated DC activation. Several flavonoids were verified in the extracts using HPLC, and then kaempferol was identified as the major flavonoid in the methanol fraction of SC. Kaempferol was able to reduce cytokines and chemokines produced by LPS-stimulated DCs, and this reduction was not due to its cytotoxicity on DCs. In addition, DC maturation was impaired by kaempferol. Furthermore, kaempferol abrogated the ability of LPS-stimulated DCs to promote Ag-specific T cell activation, both in vitro and in vivo. Thus, we show for the first time that SC exhibits an immunosuppressive effect on DCs and that the active ingredient kaempferol attenuates DC function, which suggests that kaempferol has potential in the treatment of chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1103-1109
Number of pages7
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011


  • Antigen presentation
  • Dendritic cell
  • Flavonoid
  • Immunomodulation
  • Th1 response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Hematology


Dive into the research topics of 'Kaempferol from Semen cuscutae attenuates the immune function of dendritic cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this