JNK-mediated turnover and stabilization of the transcription factor p45/NF-E2 during differentiation of murine erythroleukemia cells

Tung Liang Lee, Yu Chiau Shyu, Pang Hung Hsu, Chiung Wen Chang, Shau Ching Wen, Wei Yuan Hsiao, Ming Daw Tsai, Che Kun James Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Regulation of the homeostatic concentrations of specific sets of transcription factors is essential for correct programming of cell proliferation and differentiation. We have characterized the signal transduction pathways regulating the catabolisis of p45/NF-E2, a bZIP factor activating the erythroid and megakaryocytic gene transcription. Through use of different approaches including nano-scale proteomics, we show that activated-JNK, or Phospho-JNK (P-JNK), physically interacts with p45/NF-E2 and phosphorylates its Ser157 residue. This reaction leads to the poly-ubiquitination of p45/NF-E2 at one or more of six Lys residues, one of which being also a sumoylation site, and its degradation through the proteasome pathway. Significantly, this regulatory pathway of p45/NF-E2 by P-JNK exists only in uninduced murine erythroleukemia (MEL) cells but not in differentiated MEL cells in which JNK is inactivated on DMSO induction. Based on the above data and analysis of the chromatin-binding kinetics of p45/NF-E2 and the erythroid gene repressor Bach1 during the early phase of MEL differentiation, we suggest a model for the regulation of erythroid maturation. In the model, the posttranslational modifications and turnover of p45/NF-E2, as mediated by P-JNK, contribute to the control of its homeostatic concentration and consequently, its regulatory functions in the progression of erythroid differentiation and erythroid gene expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-57
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Erythroid differentiation
  • Homeostatic
  • Phosphorylation
  • Proteasome degradation
  • Ubiquitination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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