Investigating the Leisure Patterns and the Well-being of Healthcare Workers in High-Risk Environments: Insights from a Pandemic Landscape

Hsiao Hsien Lin, Yi Han Tseng, Yong Zhan Zheng, Chih Hsiang Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The role of healthcare workers in safeguarding public health, especially during high-risk events such as a pandemic, is paramount. This research explores the impact of leisure patterns on the well-being, risk perception, anxiety, and resilience of healthcare workers in the context of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Through a comprehensive analysis of 662 valid questionnaires and semi-structured interviews, we uncover the intricate relationship between leisure activities and the holistic well-being of healthcare professionals. The findings reveal that leisure is not merely a pastime but a vital coping mechanism within the demanding landscape of high-stress healthcare environments. Distinct leisure modes have varying influences on healthcare workers’ perceptions of environmental risks and work-related stress, challenging conventional wisdom. Our study emphasizes the significance of structured leisure engagement in enhancing the psychological resilience of healthcare professionals. It underscores the importance of recognizing individual preferences and personalizing well-being support programs, offering a fresh perspective on promoting mental and emotional wellness. The theoretical and managerial implications of our findings provide valuable insights for healthcare organizations and policymakers to design tailored support systems, resources, and leisure spaces that mitigate environmental risks, work stress, leisure disorders, and anxiety and enhance overall well-being, thereby empowering those who dedicate their lives to caring for others.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Knowledge Economy
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 11 2024


  • Environmental risk
  • Healthcare workers
  • High-risk environment
  • Leisure barriers
  • Leisure patterns
  • Pandemic
  • Work stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics


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