The in vitro effects of motorcycle exhaust particulate extract (MEPE) on blood vessels were studied in thoracic aorta isolated from Wistar rat. The MEPE relaxed the phenylephrine-precontracted aorta with an EC50 value of 0.05 ± 0.004 mg/ml. This relaxing effect of MEPE persisted in endothelium-denuded aorta, suggesting that the relaxation induced by MEPE is endothelium-independent. The phenylephrine-induced vasocontraction and inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate formation were inhibited concentration dependently in aorta pretreated with MEPE. However, the high-K+-induced vasocontraction and the Ca2+ sensitivity of the contractile proteins were not significantly affected by MEPE. In addition to the inhibitory effects on agonist-induced contraction, the vasorelaxing effects both of acetylcholine and of sodium nitroprusside were impaired by MEPE. The inhibitory effects of MEPE on acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside, but not phenylephrine, were reversed by cotreatment with superoxide dismutase. These results showed that the MEPE, added in vitro, inhibited the phenylephrine-induced, but not depolarization-induced, vasocontraction of aorta. The MEPE also impaired the vasorelaxation induced by acetylcholine in a superoxide anion-dependent manner.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part A
|Published - May 1999
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis