Inflammation-Responsive Nanovalves of Polymer-Conjugated Dextran on a Hole Array of Silicon Substrate for Controlled Antibiotic Release

Ai Wei Lee, Pao Lung Chang, Shien Kuei Liaw, Chien Hsing Lu, Jem Kun Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Poly(methacrylic acid) (PMAA) brushes were tethered on a silicon surface possessing a 500-nm hole array via atom transfer radical polymerization after the modification of the halogen group. Dextran-biotin (DB) was sequentially immobilized on the PMAA chains to obtain a P(MAA-DB) brush surrounding the hole edges on the silicon surface. After loading antibiotics inside the holes, biphenyl-4,4′-diboronic acid (BDA) was used to cross-link the P(MAA-DB) chains through the formation of boronate esters to cap the hole and block the release of the antibiotics. The boronate esters were disassociated with reactive oxygen species (ROS) to open the holes and release the antibiotics, thus indicating a reversible association. The total amount of drug inside the chip was approximately 52.4 μg cm−2, which could be released at a rate of approximately 1.6 μg h−1 cm−2 at a ROS concentration of 10 nM. The P(MAA-DB) brush-modified chip was biocompatible without significant toxicity toward L929 cells during the antibiotic release. The inflammation-triggered antibiotic release system based on a subcutaneous implant chip not only exhibits excellent efficacy against bacteria but also excellent biocompatibility, recyclability, and sensitivity, which can be easily extended to other drug delivery systems for numerous biomedical applications without phagocytosis- and metabolism-related issues.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3611
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022


  • antibiotics
  • hole array
  • inflammation
  • PMAA brush
  • ROS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics


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