Induction of VX2 carcinoma in rabbit liver: Comparison of two inoculation methods

J. H. Chen, Y. C. Lin, Y. S. Huang, T. J. Chen, W. Y. Lin, K. W. Han

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70 Citations (Scopus)


Direct injection of VX2 cell suspension into the liver is simple and widely used. Implantation of a fragment of VX2 tumour into the liver using a surgical technique has also been developed in the last decade. In this study, we compared these two methods in order to find a better modality for establishing VX2 liver mass. Forty rabbits, each weighing 2.8-3.2 kg, were divided into two groups, 20 rabbits in each. In Group 1, a tumour cell suspension containing 1 × 106 cells in a volume of 0.1 ml, was injected slowly into the liver parenchyma using a 27-gauge needle during laparotomy. In Group 2, a 1 mm3 fragment of VX2 carcinoma was inoculated into the sub-capsule of the left anterior lobe of the liver. In Group 1, three rabbits showed no tumour growth and 10 rabbits showed evidence of leakage and tumour seeding outside of the liver. In Group 2, all but one rabbit showed tumour growth and none showed evidence of tumour seeding. The leakage rates were 50% and 0% for Group 1 and Group 2, respectively. Overall, the success inoculation rate was 35% for Group 1 and 95% for Group 2. In conclusion, to create the VX2 liver tumour model in rabbits, direct implantation of VX2 tumour fragment into the liver achieved better results than injecting cell suspension of VX2 tumour into the liver.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-84
Number of pages6
JournalLaboratory Animals
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Carcinoma
  • Cell
  • Implantation
  • Injection
  • Liver
  • Rabbit
  • Tumour

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)


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