Incidence Rates and Predictors of Stomal-Related Complications: A 1-Year Prospective Study

Mei Yu Hsu, Hsiao Hui Hsu, Yu Lin Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Stomal-related complications (SRCs) increase the health care burden and impair quality of life. PURPOSE: To determine the incidence rates and predictors of stomal and peristomal complications (SCs and PCs, respectively). METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study. In total, 215 patients who had undergone ostomy were enrolled and followed-up at 3, 30, 90, 180, and 360 days after surgery. During the follow-up period, SRCs were assessed by 1 colorectal surgeon and 2 wound, ostomy, and continence nurses. The SRCs were classified into SCs and PCs. RESULTS: SRCs were observed in 105 patients (48.8%). The 105 patients had 145 SRCs (66 [45.5%] SCs and 79 [54.5%] PCs). A logistic regression analysis revealed that emergency surgery (odds ratio [OR]: 2.78; P =.041), laparoscopic surgery (OR: 2.91; P =.023), and inappropriate stomal location (OR: 19.23; P <.001) were significant predictors of SCs. Inappropriate stomal location also was significantly associated with PCs (OR: 7.70; P <.001). The cumulative incidence rate of SRCs was 73% in patients who underwent stomal surgery and were followed for 360 days. CONCLUSIONS: Stomas created through emergency or laparoscopic surgery and those created at inappropriate sites were associated with a higher risk of SCs. Inappropriate stomal site was found to be a significant predictor for SCs and PCs. uplicate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-43
Number of pages10
JournalWound Management and Prevention
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022


  • Incidence rate
  • Peristomal complication
  • Peristomal moisture-associated skin damage
  • Risk factors
  • Stoma site
  • Stomal-related complication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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