Impact of type D personality on clinical outcomes in Asian patients with stable coronary artery disease

Hsin Bang Leu, Wei Hsian Yin, Wei Kung Tseng, Yen Wen Wu, Tsung Hsien Lin, Hung I. Yeh, Kuan Cheng Chang, Ji Hung Wang, Chau Chung Wu, Jaw Wen Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Some personality types are associated with cardiovascular (CV) diseases and may be related to clinical outcomes in coronary artery disease (CAD). This study investigates the association between type D personality and clinical outcomes in stable CAD patients in an Asian cohort. Methods: Stable CAD patients were enrolled and prospectively followed up for at least 1 year in Taiwan. The inclusion criteria were at least one successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and stable medical treatment for at least 1 month before enrollment. Vulnerability to psychological distress was measured by the Type D Personality Scale (DS14) after enrollment. The end point was the occurrence of total CV events. Cox regression models of CV events were used to investigate the role of type D personality in clinical outcomes. Results: The study included 777 patients, among which 122 (15.77%) had type D personality. Forty-two CV events were identified: 3 cardiac deaths, 5 nonfatal myocardial infarctions, 1 stroke, 4 congestive heart failures (CHF), 6 peripheral arterial occlusive disorder cases, and 23 readmissions for angina/revascularization treatment. Patients with type D personality had significantly higher incidence of future CV events (9.84% vs. 4.58%, p = 0.018%) and admission for angina/revascularization (5.74% vs. 2.44%, p = 0.049). Patients with subsequent CV events were more likely to have type D personality (28.57% vs. 14.97%, p=0.018). After proportional Cox regression analysis, type D personality remained an independent predictor of future CV events (HR: 3.21, 95% CI: 1.06–9.69). In subgroup analyses, type D personality was especially associated with higher risk of total CV events among females, the elderly, hypertension patients, diabetes patients, and non-smokers. Conclusion: Type D personality was an independent predictor of CV outcomes in an Asian cohort of stable CAD patients. This personality type may be identified in risk stratification for secondary prevention after PCI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)721-729
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Coronary artery disease
  • Type D personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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