Identification of protein kinases dysregulated in CD4+ T cells in pathogenic versus apathogenic simian immunodeficiency virus infection

P. Bostik, P. Wu, G. L. Dodd, F. Villinger, A. E. Mayne, V. Bostik, B. D. Grimm, D. Robinson, H. J. Kung, A. A. Ansari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Human immunodeficiency virus infection in humans and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection in rhesus macaques (RM) leads to a generalized loss of immune responses involving perturbations in T-cell receptor (TCR) signaling. In contrast, naturally SIV-infected sooty mangabeys (SM) remain asymptomatic and retain immune responses despite relatively high viral loads. However, SIV infection in both RM and SM led to similar decreases in TCR-induced Lck phosphorylation. In this study, a protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) differential display method was utilized to characterize the effects of in vivo SIV infection on key signaling molecules of the CD4+ T-cell signaling pathways. The CD4+ T cells from SIV-infected RM, but not SIV-infected SM, showed chronic downregulation of baseline expression of MLK3, PRK, and GSK3, and symptomatically SIV-infected RM showed similar downregulation of MKK3. In vitro TCR stimulation with or without CD28 costimulation of CD4+ T cells did not lead to the enhancement of gene transcription of these PTKs. While the CD4+ T cells from SIV-infected RM showed a significant increase of the baseline and anti-TCR-mediated ROR2 transcription, SIV infection in SM led to substantially decreased anti-TCR-stimulated ROR2 transcription. TCR stimulation of CD4+ T cells from SIV-infected RM (but not SIV-infected SM) led to the repression of CaMKKβ and the induction of gene transcription of MLK2. Studies of the function of these molecules in T-cell signaling may lead to the identification of potential targets for specific intervention, leading to the restoration of T-cell responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11298-11306
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Virology
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - Nov 26 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology


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