Glioblastoma (GBM) is one of the most progressive and prevalent cancers of the central nervous system. Identifying genetic markers is therefore crucial to predict prognosis and enhance treatment effectiveness in GBM. To this end, we obtained gene expression data of GBM from TCGA and GEO datasets and identified differentially expressed genes (DEGs), which were overlapped and used for survival analysis with univariate Cox regression. Next, the genes’ biological significance and potential as immunotherapy candidates were examined using functional enrichment and immune infiltration analysis. Eight prognostic-related DEGs in GBM were identified, namely CRNDE, NRXN3, POPDC3, PTPRN, PTPRN2, SLC46A2, TIMP1, and TNFSF9. The derived risk model showed robustness in identifying patient subgroups with significantly poorer overall survival, as well as those with distinct GBM molecular subtypes and MGMT status. Furthermore, several correlations between the expression of the prognostic genes and immune infiltration cells were discovered. Overall, we propose a survival-derived risk score that can provide prognostic significance and guide therapeutic strategies for patients with GBM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3899
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023


  • differentially expressed genes
  • genetic biomarkers
  • glioblastoma
  • prognosis-related genes
  • survival analysis
  • univariate cox regression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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