Hydrocracking in Al-MCM-41: Diffusion effect

Wen Hua Chen, Qi Zhao, Hong Ping Lin, Yu Shao Yang, Chung Yuan Mou, Shang Bin Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of wall defects on the molecular diffusion and hydrocracking ability of mesoporous MCM-41 materials having particulate and hierarchical tubular morphologies with various extents of structural defects have been studied. The diffusion properties of the MCM-41 materials were investigated by 1H pulsed-field-gradient NMR self-diffusion measurements of cyclohexane, whereas the catalytic performances of the aluminosilicate MCM-41 were evaluated using 1,3,5-triisopropylbenzene cracking as the test reaction. 31P MAS NMR of the adsorbed trimethylphosphine oxide probe molecules confirmed the existence of active sites in the Al-MCM-41 samples, whose acid distribution were evaluated in conjunction with elemental analyses. It was found that, the Al-MCM-41 sample with tubules-within-tubule (TWT) morphology showed superior catalytic activity and tolerance for deactivation during hydrocracking reaction compared to the particulate morphology sample having the same Al content. The TWT Al-MCM-41 sample, which has more extensive structural defects than the particulate Al-MCM-41, was also found to have higher cyclohexane diffusivity. It is conclusive that, the structural defects possessed by these unique Al-MCM-41 materials synthesized by the 'delayed neutralization method' effectively provoke interchannel connections, which facilitate transport of the adsorbate molecules, thus promote the catalytic activity of the catalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-218
Number of pages10
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - Dec 5 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Diffusion
  • Hydrocracking
  • Mesoporous aluminosilicate
  • NMR
  • Structural morphology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials


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