Human tissue kallikreins as prognostic biomarkers and as potential targets for anticancer therapy

Wun Shaing W. Chang, Ruey Hwang Chou, Cheng Wen Wu, Jang Yang Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The tissue kallikrein family represents the largest cluster of contiguous proteinase genes in the entire human genome. Its 15 members are expressed primarily in a tissue-specific manner, but can also be detected in biological fluids such as serum and seminal plasma. The mature active tissue kallikreins play vital roles in numerous physiological and pathological processes, in which they are able to function individually or in cascade pathway(s). Their genetic polymorphisms, alternative splicings and aberrant amounts of transcripts and/or proteins are often correlated with increased cancer risk, thus providing a sensible application for the use of tissue kallikreins as diagnostic, prognostic and predictive tumour markers. In this review, an updated overview of scientific research and patents regarding the functional features and clinical indications of tissue kallikreins in neoplastic diseases is provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1227-1240
Number of pages14
JournalExpert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Kallikrein
  • Metastasis
  • Prognosis
  • Proteinase
  • Proteolytic enzyme
  • Serine proteinase
  • Tumour marker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery


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