Honokiol induces apoptotic cell death by oxidative burst and mitochondrial hyperpolarization of bladder cancer cells: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine

Chi‑Hao Hsiao, Chih‑Jung Yao, Gi‑Ming Lai, Liang‑Ming Lee, Jacqueline Whang‑Peng, Ping‑Hsiao Shih

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Bladder cancer is one of the most common types of malignant tumor worldwide. Current treatments, including chemo‑/radiotherapy, only have limited efficacy on bladder cancer progression. Honokiol is an active component of Magnolia officinalis with multiple biological effects that may provide promising health benefits. In the present study, the anti‑cancer properties of honokiol against bladder cancer cells were investigated by flow cytometric analysis. The results revealed that honokiol exhibited significant anti‑proliferative effects on bladder cancer cell lines, particularly on BFTC‑905 human transitional cell carcinoma cells. Furthermore, honokiol at low doses (≤25 µM) induced cell cycle arrest in G0/G1 phase, while it induced significant apoptotic cell death at high doses (≥50 µM; P
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)4213-4222
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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