Homogeneity and adaptation of endodontic fillings in root canals with enlarged apical preparation

Ashraf ElAyouti, Peter Kiefner, Hanjo Hecker, Ailing Chu, Claus Löst, Roland Weiger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: The aim was to compare the homogeneity and adaptation of endodontic fillings placed in root canals with wide apical preparation. Study design: One hundred twenty root canals were prepared under simulated clinical conditions. The range of apical preparation size was 45 (narrow canals) to 60 (wide canals). The canals were filled using 4 techniques: Thermafil, GuttaFlow, apical cone, and vertical compaction. The root canals were sectioned at 5 levels. The adaptation and homogeneity of the filling were evaluated and statistically analyzed. Results: The percentage of canal outline in contact with the filling in the Thermafil group (91.3% [95% confidence interval (CI) 88.8%-93.6%]) was statistically significantly lower than in the other groups. No statistically significant differences were found between GuttaFlow (96.6% [95% CI 95.7%-97.5%]), apical cone (98.6% [95% CI 98.0%-99.3%]), and vertical compaction (98.1% [95% CI 96.5%-99.7%]). Similarly, the percentage of void area in Thermafil group (4.0% [95% CI 2.6%-5.3%]) was statistically significantly higher than in the other groups (GuttaFlow 1.4% [95% CI 0.1%-1.8%], apical cone 1.6% [95% CI 0.7%-2.4%], and vertical compaction 0.1% [95% CI 0.1%-1.8%]). Conclusions: The tested filling techniques/materials provided similar high values for the homogeneity and adaptation to root canal walls after enlarged apical preparation, except for Thermafil at the most apical level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e141-e146
JournalOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • General Dentistry
  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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