High Accuracy and Safety of Intraoperative CT-Guided Navigation for Transpedicular Screw Placement in Revision Spinal Surgery

Yen Yao Li, Shih Hao Chen, Kuo Chin Huang, Chien Yin Lee, Chin Chang Cheng, Ching Yu Lee, Meng Huang Wu, Tsung Jen Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Intraoperative CT-guided navigation (iCT-navigation) has been reported to improve the accuracy and safety of transpedicular screw placement in primary spinal surgery. However, due to a disrupted bony anatomy and scarring tissue, revision spinal surgery can be challenging. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and safety of iCT-navigation for screw placement at the virgin site versus the revision site in revision thoracolumbar spinal surgery. Method: In total, 254 screws were inserted in 27 revision surgeries, in which 114 (44.9%) screws were inserted at the site with previous laminectomy or posterolateral fusion (the revision site), 64 (25.2%) were inserted at the virgin site, and 76 (29.9%) were inserted to replace the pre-existing screws. CT scans were conducted for each patient after all screws were inserted to intraoperatively confirm the screw accuracy. Results: In total, 248 (97.6%) screws were considered accepted. The rate of accepted screws at the virgin site was 98.4% (63/64) versus 95.6% (109/114) at the revision site (p: 0.422). There were six (2.4%) unaccepted screws, which were immediately revised during the same operation. There was no neurological injury noted in our patients. Conclusion: With the use of iCT-navigation, the rate of accepted screws at the revision site was found to be comparable to that at the virgin site. We concluded that iCT-navigation could achieve high accuracy and safety for transpedicular screw placement in revision spinal surgery and allow for the immediate revision of unaccepted screws.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5853
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume11
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • intraoperative computed tomography
  • navigation
  • revision spinal surgery
  • thoracolumbar spine
  • transpedicular screw

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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