General versus Neuraxial Anesthesia on Clinical Outcomes in Patients Receiving Hip Fracture Surgery: An Analysis of the ACS NSQIP Database

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Abstract

Whether the use of neuraxial anesthesia or general anesthesia leads to more favorable postoperative outcomes in patients receiving hip fracture surgery remains unclear. We used data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) Data Files between 2016 and 2020 to investigate the association of neuraxial anesthesia and general anesthesia with morbidity and mortality after hip fracture surgery. Inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) was used to balance the baseline characteristics, and multivariable Cox regression models were used to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI) for postoperative morbidity and mortality among the different anesthesia groups. A total of 45,874 patients were included in this study. Postoperative adverse events occurred in 1087 of 9864 patients (11.0%) who received neuraxial anesthesia and in 4635 of 36,010 patients (12.9%) who received general anesthesia. After adjustment for IPTW, the multivariable Cox regressions revealed that general anesthesia was associated with increased risks of postoperative morbidity (adjusted HR, 1.19; 95% CI, 1.14–1.24) and mortality (adjusted HR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.03–1.16). The results of the present study suggest that, compared with general anesthesia, neuraxial anesthesia is associated with lower risks of postoperative adverse events in patients undergoing hip fracture surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3827
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023

Keywords

  • anesthesia
  • hip fracture
  • morbidity
  • mortality
  • postoperative outcomes
  • propensity score

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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