Gelatin-tricalcium phosphate membranes immobilized with NGF, BDNF, or IGF-1 for peripheral nerve repair: An in vitro and in vivo study

Ming Hong Chen, Pei Ru Chen, Mei Hsiu Chen, Sung Tsang Hsieh, Feng Huei Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


In the present study, NGF, BNDF from the neurotrophin family and IGF-1 were covalently immobilized on gelatin-tricalcium phosphate (GTG) membrane using carbodiimide. We investigated the effects of these growth factors released from the GTG composites on cultured PC12 cells and sciatic nerve regeneration across a 10-mm-long gap in rats. In PC12 cell culture, the total protein content and MTT assay indicated more cell attachment on the composites modified with growth factors. The IGF-1 group showed a higher survival promotion effect on PC12 cells than did BDNF and NGF groups. On the other hand, NGF released from the composite showed the highest level of neuritogenesis for PC12 cells in neurite outgrowth assay. In the animal study, the GTG conduits modified with various growth factors were well tolerated by the host tissue. In the regenerated nerves, the number of the axons per unit area of the BDNF group was significantly higher than that of NGF and GTG groups but similar to that of IGF-1 group. However, the average axon size was the largest in NGF group. This result was in concordance with the neurite outgrowth assay in which NGF showed the highest neuritogenic potential. In the assessment of motor and sensory recovery after nerve repair, conduits modified with various neurotrophic factors showed a more favorable outcome in compound muscle action potential. The BDNF group had a better gastrocnemic muscle weight ratio than blank GTG repair. Nevertheless, the different effects of GTG conduits modified with various neurotrophic factors on functional recovery cannot be simply illustrated in the sciatic function index.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)846-857
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 15 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Biodegradable nerve conduit
  • Gelatin
  • Glutaraldehyde
  • Neurotrophic factor
  • Peripheral nerve regeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys


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