First-phase insulin secretion is positively correlated with alanine aminotransferase in young adults

Chung Ze Wu, Chang Hsun Hsieh, Chieh Hua Lu, Dee Pei, Jin Shuen Chen, Yen Lin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is known to be one of the most prevalent diseases, and its prevalence is significantly associated with age and metabolic syndrome (MetS). Few studies have been conducted on liver function, MetS and insulin secretion among young adults. Objectives. In the present study, we explored the relationship between the liver function enzyme - alanine aminotransferase (ALT) - and first-phase insulin secretion (FPIS) among young adults. Material and methods. There were 22,971 men and 28,740 women, aged 18-27 years, assigned to subgroups according to the presence of MetS and quartiles of ALT values. Simple correlation was applied to evaluate their relationship. The difference between the slopes of these relationships and FPIS were statistically analyzed with Chris's calculator. Results. Most values for metabolic parameters, including ALT and FPIS, were determined to be relatively high in individuals with MetS. By contrast, individuals with MetS had lower high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) counts and FPIS. Similar results were observed in the quartiles of ALT. Significant positive results were also found in the linear model. Depending on the ALT level, the slope change of FPIS still demonstrated a positive correlation between ALT and FPIS. This correlation was stronger for men than for women. Conclusions. A positive correlation between ALT and FPIS exists among young adults. Moreover, this correlation was stronger for men than for women. Both the cause and the effect require further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-40
Number of pages6
JournalAdvances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Alanine aminotransferase
  • First-phase insulin secretion
  • Metabolic syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Reviews and References, Medical
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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