The use of numerical methods such as FEA has been adopted in solving complicated geometric problems, for which it is very difficult to achieve an analytical solution. FEA is a technique for obtaining a solution to a complex mechanics problem by dividing the problem domain into a collection of much smaller and simpler domains (elements) where field variables can be interpolated using shape functions. An overall approximated solution to the original problem is determined based on variational principles. In other words, FEA is a method whereby, instead of seeking a solution function for the entire domain, it formulates solution functions for each finite element and combines them properly to obtain a solution to the whole body. A mesh is needed in FEA to divide the whole domain into small elements. The process of creating the mesh, elements, their respective nodes, and defining boundary conditions is termed "discretization" of the problem domain. Since the components in a dental implant-bone system is an extremely complex geometry, FEA has been viewed as the most suitable tool to mathematically, model it by numerous scholars.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Topics in Science and Technology in China
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Publication series

NameAdvanced Topics in Science and Technology in China
ISSN (Print)1995-6819
ISSN (Electronic)1995-6827


  • Define boundary condition
  • Digital imaging technique
  • Endosseous implant
  • Fixed prosthesis
  • Implant dentistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Engineering
  • General


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