Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition that involves complex pathogenic mechanisms and multiple symptoms. Most patients with fibromyalgia experience poor sleep, which is bidirectionally related to pain. In this article, we discuss the symptoms of fibromyalgia, the pathophysiology underlying pain and poor sleep in patients with fibromyalgia, the relationship between pain and sleep, and the subjective and objective features of disturbed sleep in patients with fibromyalgia. We also present up-to-date evidence regarding the effectiveness and adverse effects of pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatments for fibromyalgia and provide sleep recommendations for patients with fibromyalgia.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Sleep and Circadian Rhythms
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 1-6, Second Edition
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780323910941
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2023


  • Central sensitization
  • Chronic widespread pain
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Insomnia
  • Non-pharmacological treatment
  • Nonrestorative sleep
  • Pathophysiology
  • Pharmacological treatment
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Sleep-pain relationship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


Dive into the research topics of 'Fibromyalgia and sleep'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this