Factors related to overweight and obese populations maintaining metabolic health

Yi Hsuan Lin, Hsiao Ting Chang, Yen Han Tseng, Harn Shen Chen, Shu Chiung Chiang, Tzeng Ji Chen, Shinn Jang Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background. For people who are overweight or obese, maintaining a metabolically healthy status can decrease the risks of developing cardiovascular diseases and Type 2 diabetes. Despite this, only a limited amount of research has discussed the metabolically healthy overweight and obesity (MHOO) population in Asia and the factors associated with them maintaining their metabolic health. Methods. This study enrolled 195 MHOO participants from communities in northern Taiwan during 2009–2010 (baseline). Of the 195 participants, 89 completed the followup assessment after a median follow-up time of nine years. Body type was determined by body mass index (BMI, kg/m2). We defined overweight as a BMI ≥ 24 kg/m2 and <27 kg/m2 and defined obese as a BMI ≥ 27 kg/m2. Metabolic health was defined as the absence of cardiometabolic diseases and the presence of ≤1 of the cardiometabolic risk factors, namely hypertension, hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and low serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Metabolic health, BMI, and other covariates were evaluated at both baseline and follow-up. Generalized estimating equations (GEE) models were used to analyze the factors associated with maintenance of metabolic health during the follow-up period. Results. At baseline, the mean age of the study participants was 47.4 (SD 5.3) years and 46 (51.7%) of the participants were women. There were 51 (57.3%) individuals who maintained their metabolic health status at the time of the nine-year follow-up. The detrimental factors pertaining to metabolic health included older age, longer duration until follow-up, BMI ≥ 27 kg/m2, and increase in waist circumference. No significant relationships were observed between sociodemographic factors and lifestyle factors, such as sex, level of education, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical activity, and sustained metabolic health among MHOO individuals. Conclusions. To maintain metabolic health and prevent negative changes in health status, control of bodyweight and waist circumference should remain a priority for MHOO individuals even when there are no metabolic disorders present.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13242
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Body mass index
  • Metabolic health
  • Obesity
  • Overweight
  • Taiwan
  • Waist circumference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


Dive into the research topics of 'Factors related to overweight and obese populations maintaining metabolic health'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this