Factors Predictive of Response and Survival in Patients with Metastatic Colorectal Cancer in Taiwan

Wei Shu Wang, Frank S. Fan, Ruey Kuen Hsieh, Tzeon Jye Chiou, Jen Kou Lin, Tzu Chen Lin, Chueh Chuan Yen, Jin Hwang Liu, Hung Hsu, Po Min Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


5-Fluorouracll in combination with leucovorin has been shown to be active in therapeutic trials of metastatic colorectal carcinoma. In this study, we administered these drugs to 72 patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma. Thirty-six of them without previous exposure to 5-fluorouracil were treated with weekly bolus injections of 5-fluorouracil (425 mg/m2) and leucovorin (25 mg/m2) supplemented with oral levamisole. Another 36 patients with or without prior 5-fluorouracil treatment received 5-fluorouracil 3,000 mg/m2 and leucovorin 300 mg/m2 in a 48-hour continuous infusion every two weeks. Clinical efficacy and toxicity were assessed by WHO criteria. Variables were tested for relations to response and survival by univariate and multivariate analysis. The response rate was 19.4% in weekly bolus arm and 13.9% in biweekly high-dose infusion arm (P = 0.527). Median survivals in the two arms were 18.4 months (weekly) and 21 months (biweekly) respectively (P = 0.708). Gastrointestinal side effects including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and mucositis were the major toxicities of these regimens. By multivariate analysis, the only factor to influence response rate was the site of metastases (P = 0.009). The only factor to affect survival was performance status of the patient (P = 0.0001 ). We concluded that the two 5-fluorouracil based regimens are well-tolerated and shown to have a response rate comparable with previous reports of similar regimens in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Only liver metastases seemed to have a better response to therapy. Performance status is the most important prognostic factor in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-179
Number of pages6
JournalJapanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • 5-fluororacil
  • Leucovorin
  • Metastatic colorectal cancer
  • Prognostic factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research


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