Factors Associated with Infant Deaths in Indonesia: An Analysis of the 2012 and 2017 Indonesia Demographic and Health Surveys

Yuniar Wardani, Ya Li Huang, Ying Chih Chuang

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: This exploratory study aimed to investigate factors related to infant deaths using a conceptual framework that explains the risk factors of infant deaths in developing countries. Methods: The study adopted a cross-sectional study design and used data from the 2012 and 2017 Indonesia Demographic and Health Surveys, with a sample of 3694 singleton live births in 2012 and 3413 in 2017. Results: Female infants had a lower chance of mortality compared to male infants [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 0.51; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.34-0.77]. Infants with a smaller birth size had a higher risk of infant death compared to those with an average size (aOR = 5.66; 95% CI = 3.66-8.77). The risk of infant death with a preceding birth interval of ≥24 months was lower than that with a preceding birth interval of <24 months (aOR = 0.48; 95% CI = 0.26-0.90). An older maternal age was a risk factor for infant death compared to younger mothers (aOR = 3.61; 95% CI = 1.42-9.23). Infants who were born in Sumatra (aOR = 0.38; 95% CI = 0.16-0.89) and Java and Bali (aOR = 0.33; 95% CI = 0.14-0.78) were less likely to die than infants who were born in Papua and Maluku. Conclusions: A higher infant death risk was associated with male babies and a shorter birth interval (<24 months). Mothers who perceived their babies to be small and mothers who were older (35-49 years old) were high-risk factors for infant mortality. Mothers who lived in Java and Bali as well as Sumatera were less likely to experience infant mortality compared to those who lived in Papua and Maluku.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberfmac065
JournalJournal of Tropical Pediatrics
Volume68
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2022

Keywords

  • distal risk factors
  • Indonesia
  • infant death
  • proximate risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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