Factors associated with contraceptive use and intention to use contraceptives among married women in Ethiopia

Fentanesh Nibret Tiruneh, Kun Yang Chuang, Peter A M Ntenda, Ying Chih Chuang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


Family planning has improved the well-being of families by preventing high-risk pregnancies and abortions and reducing unplanned pregnancies. However, the effectiveness of family planning efforts has not been consistent across countries. This study examined factors associated with contraceptive use among married women in Ethiopia. Data were from the 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey. The sample comprised 10,204 married women (aged 15–49 years). Logistic regression models were used to analyze the data. Among married women in Ethiopia, 29.2% used contraceptive methods. About 44.1% of women who were not current users of contraceptives reported that they intended to use contraceptives in the future. Age at first marriage, being educated, number of living children, exposure to mass media, being employed, having educated partners, and having been informed about contraceptive use at health facilities were positively associated with current contraceptive use. By contrast, older age, a rural resident, or Muslim; belonging to the Afar or Somali ethnic groups; desiring numerous children; having husbands who desired additional children; and abortion experience were negatively associated with current contraceptive use. Our findings indicated that improving education, providing employment opportunities for women, and providing training to family planning providers are essential to increasing contraceptive use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalWomen and Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2 2016


  • Contraceptive use
  • health service utilization
  • socioeconomic status
  • sub-Saharan Africa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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