Factors associated with community participation among individuals who have experienced homelessness

Feng Hang Chang, Christine A. Helfrich, Wendy J. Coster, E. Sally Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Community participation is an important goal for people who have experienced homelessness. The aim of this study was to use the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as a framework to examine factors associated with community participation among people who are homeless or recently housed through housing programs. Participants (n = 120) recruited from six housing placement and search programs completed measures of community participation (including productivity, social and leisure, and community-services-use domains), psychiatric and physical symptoms, functional limitations, and a demographic form. Multiple regression analyses were used to identify predictors of overall community participation and subdomain scores. Results suggested that cognitive and mobility limitations, relationship status, and housing status significantly predicted both overall participation and participation in productivity and social and leisure subdomains. Participants who were housed through housing programs, who had cognitive and mobility limitations, and who were single showed less community participation. The findings suggest that activity limitations and environmental and personal factors may need to be addressed in efforts to enhance community participation in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11364-11378
Number of pages15
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 10 2015


  • Environment
  • Homeless
  • Housing
  • ICF
  • Participation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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