Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress mediates the effects of obesity on aggravating sepsis-induced lung injury. We investigated whether exosomes from human placenta choriodecidual membrane-derived mesenchymal stem cells (pcMSCs) can mitigate pulmonary ER stress, lung injury, and the mechanisms of inflammation, oxidation, and apoptosis in lipopolysaccharide-treated obese mice. Diet-induced obese (DIO) mice (adult male C57BL/6J mice fed with a 12-week high-fat diet) received lipopolysaccharide (10 mg/kg, i.p.; DIOLPS group) or lipopolysaccharide plus exosomes (1 × 108 particles/mouse, i.p.; DIOLPSExo group). Our data demonstrated lower levels of ER stress (upregulation of glucose-regulated protein 78, phosphorylated eukaryotic initiation factor 2α, and C/EBP homologous protein; p = 0.038, <0.001, and <0.001, respectively), inflammation (activation of nuclear factor-kB, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α, macrophages, and NLR family pyrin domain containing 3; upregulation of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β, and interleukin-6; p = 0.03, <0.001, <0.001, <0.001, <0.001, <0.001, and <0.001, respectively), lipid peroxidation (p < 0.001), and apoptosis (DNA fragmentation, p = 0.003) in lung tissues, as well as lower lung injury level (decreases in tidal volume, peak inspiratory flow, and end expiratory volume; increases in resistance, injury score, and tissue water content; p < 0.001, <0.001, <0.001, <0.001, <0.001, and =0.002, respectively) in the DIOLPSExo group than in the DIOLPS group. In conclusion, exosomes from human pcMSCs mitigate pulmonary ER stress, inflammation, oxidation, apoptosis, and lung injury in lipopolysaccharide-treated obese mice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number615
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022


  • Endoplasmic reticulum stress
  • Exosomes
  • LPS
  • Lung injury
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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