The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and tolerability of DS-1205c, an oral AXL-receptor inhibitor, in combination with osimertinib in metastatic or unresectable EFGR-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who developed disease progression during EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment. An open-label, non-randomized phase 1 study was conducted in Taiwan, in which 13 patients received DS-1205c monotherapy at a dosage of 200, 400, 800, or 1200 mg twice daily for 7 days, followed by combination treatment with DS-1205c (same doses) plus osimertinib 80 mg once daily in 21-day cycles. Treatment continued until disease progression or other discontinuation criteria were met. At least one treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE) was reported in all 13 patients treated with DS-1205c plus osimertinib; with ≥ 1 grade 3 TEAE in 6 patients (one of whom also had a grade 4 increased lipase level), and 6 patients having ≥ 1 serious TEAE. Eight patients experienced ≥ 1 treatment-related AE (TRAE). The most common (2 cases each) were anemia, diarrhea, fatigue, increased AST, increased ALT, increased blood creatinine phosphokinase, and increased lipase. All TRAEs were non-serious, with the exception of an overdose of osimertinib in 1 patient. No deaths were reported. Two-thirds of patients achieved stable disease (one-third for > 100 days), but none achieved a complete or partial response. No association between AXL positivity in tumor tissue and clinical efficacy was observed. DS-1205c was well-tolerated with no new safety signals in patients with advanced EGFR-mutant NSCLC when administered in combination with the EFGR TKI osimertinib. ClinicalTrials.gov; NCT03255083.
- Advanced non-small cell lung cancer
- AXL kinase inhibitor
- Epidermal growth factor receptor
- Inoperable non-small cell lung cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)