This work presents a five-segment biomechanical model of the human body for paraplegics of spinal cord injury (SCI) with thoracic nerve injury. When the functional electrical stimulation (FES) system is used to restore sit-to-stand function, the biomechanical model can be used to analyze the position, force, and moment of the human body at every joint through inverse dynamics. A series of data taking from SCI patient under FES of restoring sit-to-stand function are implemented on the model. The results help realize the role of each joint and muscle in the sit-to-stand process so as to improve the rehabilitation in the future plan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-21
Number of pages7
JournalBiomedical Engineering - Applications, Basis and Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 25 2004


  • Five-segment biomechanical model of human body
  • Inverse kinematics
  • Restoring standing function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering


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