Colorectal cancer (CRC) arises from chromosomal instability, resulting from aberrant hypermethylation in tumor suppressor genes. This study identified hypermethylated genes in CRC and investigated how they affect clinical outcomes. Methylation levels of specific genes were analyzed from The Cancer Genome Atlas dataset and 20 breast cancer, 16 esophageal cancer, 33 lung cancer, 15 uterine cancer, 504 CRC, and 9 colon polyp tissues and 102 CRC plasma samples from a Taiwanese cohort. In the Asian cohort, Eps15 homology domain-containing protein 3 (EHD3) had twofold higher methylation in 44.4% of patients with colonic polyps, 37.3% of plasma from CRC patients, and 72.6% of CRC tissues, which was connected to vascular invasion and high microsatellite instability. Furthermore, EHD3 hypermethylation was detected in other gastrointestinal cancers. In the Asian CRC cohort, low EHD3 mRNA expression was found in 45.1% of patients and was connected to lymph node metastasis. Multivariate Cox proportional-hazards survival analysis revealed that hypermethylation in women and low mRNA expression were associated with overall survival. In the Western CRC cohort, EHD3 hypermethylation was also connected to overall survival and lower chemotherapy and antimetabolite response rates. In conclusion, EHD3 hypermethylation contributes to the development of CRC in both Asian and Western populations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number453
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2021


  • Circulating cell-free DNA (ccfDNA)
  • Colorectal cancer (CRC)
  • DNA methylation
  • Early detection
  • EHD3
  • Prognostic marker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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