Efficacy of Aumolertinib (HS-10296) in Patients With Advanced EGFR T790M+ NSCLC: Updated Post-National Medical Products Administration Approval Results From the APOLLO Registrational Trial

Shun Lu, Qiming Wang, Guojun Zhang, Xiaorong Dong, Cheng Ta Yang, Yong Song, Gee Chen Chang, You Lu, Hongming Pan, Chao Hua Chiu, Zhehai Wang, Jifeng Feng, Jianying Zhou, Xingxiang Xu, Renhua Guo, Jianhua Chen, Haihua Yang, Yuan Chen, Zhuang Yu, Her Shyong ShiahChin Chou Wang, Nong Yang, Jian Fang, Ping Wang, Kai Wang, Yanping Hu, Jianxing He, Ziping Wang, Jianhua Shi, Shaoshui Chen, Qiong Wu, Changan Sun, Chuan Li, Hongying Wei, Ying Cheng, Wu Chou Su, Te Chun Hsia, Jiuwei Cui, Yuping Sun, Sai Hong Ignatius Ou, Viola W. Zhu, James Chih-Hsin Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Aumolertinib (formerly almonertinib; HS-10296) is a novel third-generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) with revealed activity against EGFR-sensitizing mutations and EGFR T790M mutation. Methods: Patients with locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC who developed an EGFR T790M mutation after progression on first- or second-generation EGFR TKI therapy were enrolled in this registrational phase 2 trial of aumolertinib at 110 mg orally once daily (NCT02981108). The primary end point was objective response rate (ORR) by independent central review. Results: A total of 244 patients with EGFR T790M-positive NSCLC were enrolled. The ORR by independent central review was 68.9% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 62.6–74.6). The disease control rate was 93.4% (95% CI: 89.6–96.2). The median duration of response was 15.1 months (95% CI: 12.5–16.6). The median progression-free survival was 12.4 months (95% CI: 9.7–15.0). Among 23 patients with assessable central nervous system (CNS) metastases, the CNS-ORR and CNS-disease control rate were 60.9% (95% CI: 38.5–80.3) and 91.3% (95% CI: 72.0–98.9), respectively. The median CNS-duration of response was 12.5 months (95% CI: 5.6–not reached). Treatment-related adverse events of more than or equal to grade 3 occurred in 16.4% of the patients, with the most common being increased blood creatine phosphokinase level (7%) and increased alanine aminotransferase level (1.2%). The relative dose density of aumolertinib was 99.2% in this study. Conclusions: Aumolertinib is an effective and well-tolerated third-generation EGFR TKI for patients with EGFR T790M-positive advanced NSCLC after disease progression on first- and second-generation EGFR TKI therapy. On the basis of these findings, aumolertinib was approved in the People's Republic of China for patients positive for EGFR T790M NSCLC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-422
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Thoracic Oncology
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Almonertinib
  • Aumolertinib
  • EGFR T790M mutation
  • HS-10296
  • Third-generation EGFR TKI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Efficacy of Aumolertinib (HS-10296) in Patients With Advanced EGFR T790M+ NSCLC: Updated Post-National Medical Products Administration Approval Results From the APOLLO Registrational Trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this