Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a complex multifactorial disease characterized by poor glucose tolerance and insulin resistance. Rice-husk silica liquid (RHSL) derived from rice husk has the ability to improve the dysfunction of pancreatic β-cells. This study aimed to confirm the potential protective effects of RHSL in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice. Diabetes was induced in male C57BL/6J mice by intraperitoneal administration of STZ (200 mg/kg BW). RHSL, food-grade silica liquid (FDSL), and rosiglitazone (RSG) were administered to diabetic mice for 12 weeks after successful induction of diabetes. During the experiment, fasting blood glucose, serum insulin, and organ weights were measured. The histopathology of liver tissue was evaluated by H&E staining. Western blotting was performed to assess protein expression levels. The results showed that RHSL significantly reversed the serum insulin levels and improved oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) results (p < 0.05). In addition, liver sections of STZ-induced diabetic mice after RHSL treatment showed neatly arranged and intact hepatocytes. Furthermore, RHSL was more effective than FDSL in increasing the expression of SIRT1 and decreasing the expression of the PPAR-γ and p-NF-κB proteins. Taken together, this study demonstrated that RHSL ameliorated STZ-induced insulin resistance and liver tissue damage in C57BL/6J mice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number964
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022


  • diabetic liver injury
  • food-grade silica liquid
  • rice-husk silica liquid
  • rosiglitazone
  • streptozotocin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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