Effects of Resistance Exercise on Cognitive Performance and Depressive Symptoms in Community-Dwelling Older Chinese Americans: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial

Mei Lan Chen, Ying Jung Wu, Mi Jung Lee, Sung Lin Hsieh, Ing Jy Tseng, Li Sheng Chen, Douglas S. Gardenhire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Previous literature has suggested physical exercise may improve cognitive impairments and mitigate depressive symptoms. However, few studies examined the impact of resistance exercise intervention on cognition and depression in older Chinese Americans. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the effects of resistance exercise training on cognitive performance and depressive symptoms among community-dwelling older Chinese Americans. The study was a two-arm randomized controlled trial with pre-test/post-test design. Thirty older adults were randomly assigned into the resistance exercise intervention group or the wait-list control group. Participants’ cognitive performance and depressive symptoms were evaluated at baseline (pre-test) and at 12 weeks (post-test). The results showed that there were significant differences between the intervention and control groups on changes in symptoms of depression, global cognitive function, visuospatial/executive functions, attention, language, and orientation. However, there were no significant differences between both groups on changes in naming, abstraction, and delayed recall domains. The findings of this study suggest that resistance exercise training has a positive impact on improving cognitive performance and depressive symptoms in older adults.

Original languageEnglish
Article number241
JournalBehavioral Sciences
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023

Keywords

  • cognition
  • cognitive function
  • depression
  • executive function
  • memory
  • older adults
  • physical activity
  • randomized controlled trial
  • resistance exercise
  • strength exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Development
  • Genetics
  • General Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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