Effects of morphine and P2Y inhibitor amongst patients with acute coronary syndrome: A meta-analysis of comparative studies

Suh Won Lee, Ning Kuo, Sen Kuang Hou, Yi No Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: P2Y inhibitor and morphine are widely used in caring for patients with the acute coronary syndrome (ACS), but there are some concerns about the combination use due to interaction in metabolism. Therefore, this study aimed to examine whether using morphine with antiplatelets in patients with ACS affects the clinical outcomes based on currently available evidence. Methods: Three databases were searched for comparative studies on this topic by using relevant keywords of ACS and morphine. Two authors independently extracted study information, mortality, major adverse cardiac event (MACE), major bleeding, and length of hospital stay. Then, they evaluated the quality of evidence independently. Meta-analysis was planned to be conducted in random-effects model. Risk ratio (RR) was used for most outcomes except hospital stay, and Peto odds ratio (POR) was used if there were any zero cells. Pooled estimate was presented with 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: Fourteen studies (n = 73,033) met eligibility criteria, and there was non-significant difference in mortality between antiplatelet with and without morphine (RR = 1.13, 95%CI: 0.78 to 1.64). Antiplatelet therapy without morphine significantly reduced the risk of MACE (RR = 0.78, 95%CI: 0.67 to 0.89; I-square = 0%), but increased the odds of major bleeding (POR = 1.87, 95%CI: 1.04 to 3.35; I-square = 0%) as compared with the combined use of antiplatelet therapy and morphine. Conclusion: In conclusion, there is no statistically significant difference in mortality in patients with ACS using morphine or not, but clinicians ought to make a trade-off between a lower risk of MACE and a higher risk of major bleeding before adding morphine to antiplatelet therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-126
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Emergency Medicine
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine


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