Effects of Health-Related Behaviors and Changes on Successful Aging among Indonesian Older People

Lisa Wahidatul Oktaviani, Hui Chuan Hsu, Yi Chun Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Whether changes in health behaviors can improve successful aging has not been well ex-plored. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of health-related behaviors and changes on successful aging in Indonesian older adults. Data were from the fourth and fifth waves of the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS), the participants were aged 60 years and older and who com-pleted both waves (n = 1289). Successful aging indicators were defined as no chronic diseases, no physical function difficulties, no depressive symptoms, intact cognitive function, with social sup-port, and with social participation. Health-related behaviors focused on smoking, physical activities, and protein intake. A logistic regression analysis was conducted. The overall successful aging rate in 2007 was 23.6%, and it had decreased to 5.6% by 2014. There were gender differences in smoking, physical activities, and behavioral changes, including promoting increased physical activity, no smoking/smoking cessation, and adequate protein intake by older adults. Quitting smoking, per-forming medium physical activity, and increasing protein intake were protective factors for successful aging, but the effects of behavioral changes differed by gender. Health-related behaviors and changes may impact successful aging among older adults. A healthy lifestyle is suggested to be adopted as early as possible in one’s life course.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5952
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - May 2022


  • health behaviors
  • older people
  • physical activity
  • protein intake
  • smoking
  • successful aging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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