Effects of exergaming on cognitive functions and loneliness of older adults with cognitive frailty

Yu Zhen Zhu, Chiou Fen Lin, Hui Ling Yang, Grace Jin, Huei Ling Chiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Cognitive frailty combines physical frailty and cognitive impairment in the absence of dementia. The prompt detection of cognitive frailty and early implementation of preventive interventions may reduce the incidence of dementia. However, intervention studies of exergaming in older adults with cognitive frailty are scant. Therefore, we aim to investigate the effectiveness of exergaming on cognitive functions and loneliness among older adults with cognitive frailty. Design: Quasi-experimental design. Methods: Participants were recruited from four community settings. The experimental group participated in two 40-min group exergaming sessions weekly for eight weeks; the control group received usual care. The outcome measures were the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and the Chinese Version of the Loneliness Scale. Analyses of covariance were conducted to analyze whether exergaming influenced participants' cognitive functions and loneliness. In addition, the effect size of the posttest of the experimental group relative to its baseline value was calculated to determine the effectiveness of the intervention. Result: 69 older adults with cognitive frailty were included, and 35 and 34 were assigned to the experimental and control groups, respectively. The exergaming effectively improved the cognitive function of older adults with cognitive frailty. Conclusions: Exergaming interventions can effectively improve the cognitive functions of older adults with cognitive frailty but do not positively affect loneliness. We provide evidence to healthcare workers to apply exergaming interventions for older adults with cognitive frailty to improve cognitive function.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere5944
JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023

Keywords

  • cognitive frailty
  • cognitive functions
  • exergaming
  • loneliness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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