Effects of cane use and position on performance of the sit-to-stand task in stroke patients

Tung Chou Li, Keng Hua Tu, Huei Sheng Shiue, Mau Roung Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Objective The aim of the study was to examine the effect of cane use and cane positions on the sit-to-stand performance of stroke patients. Design In a crossover study, 30 stroke patients performed sit-to-stand test in seven situations in a random sequence: without a cane, three positions with a regular cane (parallel to the ankle, parallel to the 5th toe, and 10 cm in front of the 5th toe), and the same three positions with a quad cane. The peak vertical ground reaction force and maximum vertical cane support force during sit-to-stand were recorded. Results Using a cane significantly reduced the peak ground reaction force by 3% to 9% of body weight compared with that without a cane (P = 0.000-0.023). Different cane positions strongly influenced the maximum cane support force and peak ground reaction force. When the cane was closer to the ankle, the maximal cane support force increased by 6.7% to 8.6% of body weight, which resulted in a decrease in the peak ground reaction force. Conclusions Both types of cane reduced lower limbs' load during sit to stand. When the cane was closer to the trunk, the load on legs was lessened, whereas the load on the upper limb increased. Upper limb's load during sit to stand was greater when using quad cane than using regular cane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)476-481
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2018


  • Cane
  • Sit-to-stand
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of cane use and position on performance of the sit-to-stand task in stroke patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this