Effect of Various Airborne Particle Abrasion Conditions on Bonding between Polyether-Ether-Ketone (PEEK) and Dental Resin Cement

Pao-Chieh Lee, Tzu-Yu Peng, Tien-Li Ma, Kuan-Yu Chiang, Yuichi Mine, I-Ta Lee, Chang-Chiang Yu, Su-Feng Chen, Jian-Hong Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The effects of alumina particle size and jet pressure on the bond strength of polyetheretherketone (PEEK) were examined to determine the airborne particle abrasion parameters with minimal effects on PEEK and to achieve optimal bond strength, as a reference for future clinical use. An alumina particle with four particle sizes and three jet pressures was used to air-abrade PEEK. Surface roughness (Ra), morphology, chemical structure, and wettability were analyzed using a stylus profilometer, scanning electron microscope, X-ray diffractometer, and contact angle analyzer, respectively. The shear bond strength (SBS) of PEEK and dental resin cement was analyzed using a universal testing machine (n = 10). The failure modes and debonded fracture surfaces were observed using optical microscopy. Airborne particle abrasion increased the Ra and hydrophobicity of PEEK and deposited alumina residues. The SBS generally decreased after thermal cycling. A large particle size damaged the PEEK surface. The effects of different particle sizes and jet pressures on the SBS were only significant in certain groups. Adhesive failure was the main mode for all groups. Within the limitations of this study, 110 μm grain-sized alumina particles combined with a jet pressure of 2 bar prevented damage to PEEK, providing sufficient SBS and bonding durability between PEEK and dental resin cement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2114
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Apr 28 2023


  • abrasion parameters
  • airborne particle abrasion
  • polyetheretherketone
  • resin cement
  • shear bond strength
  • thermocycle aging test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics


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