Effect of Porosity and Heat Treatment on Mechanical Properties of Additive Manufactured CoCrMo Alloys

Tu Ngoc Lam, Kuang Ming Chen, Cheng Hao Tsai, Pei I. Tsai, Meng Huang Wu, Ching Chi Hsu, Jayant Jain, E. Wen Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


To minimize the stress shielding effect of metallic biomaterials in mimicking bone, the body-centered cubic (bcc) unit cell-based porous CoCrMo alloys with different, designed volume porosities of 20, 40, 60, and 80% were produced via a selective laser melting (SLM) process. A heat treatment process consisting of solution annealing and aging was applied to increase the volume fraction of an ε-hexagonal close-packed (hcp) structure for better mechanical response and stability. In the present study, we investigated the impact of different, designed volume porosities on the compressive mechanical properties in as-built and heat-treated CoCrMo alloys. The elastic modulus and yield strength in both conditions were dramatically decreased with increasing designed volume porosity. The elastic modulus and yield strength of the CoCrMo alloys with a designed volume porosity of 80% exhibited the closest match to those of bone tissue. Different strengthening mechanisms were quantified to determine their contributing roles to the measured yield strength in both conditions. The experimental results of the relative elastic modulus and yield strength were compared to the analytical and simulation modeling analyses. The Gibson–Ashby theoretical model was established to predict the deformation behaviors of the lattice CoCrMo structures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number751
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


  • CoCrMo
  • compression test
  • heat treatment
  • porosity
  • selective laser melting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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