20(S)-Camptothecin, the 20(S)-camptothecin sodium salt, and 12 analogues with substituents on the A ring differ widely in their effectiveness in the treatment of murine L1210 lymphoblastic leukemia in vivo. The drugs were screened in the following systems: System 1, the cleavage of DNA in the presence of purified topoisomerase I; System 2, drug-induced trapping of topoisomerase I in a covalent complex with DNA; and System 3, the induction of protein-associated DNA breaks in drug-treated L1210 leukemia cells. 9-Amino-20(S), 10-amino-20(RS), and 10,11-methylenedioxy-20(RS), drugs effective against murine L1210 leukemia in vivo, stabilize topoisomerase I-DNA cleavable complexes in a purified system and in cultured L1210 cells. Other analogues, inactive against L1210 leukemia in vivo, were totally ineffective in topoisomerase I-directed screens. The rest of the analogues were intermediate in terms of their antitumor and topoisomerase I-directed activities. The study shows that the drug-induced accumulation of enzyme-DNA cleavable complexes is directly proportional to drug cytotoxicity and antitumor activity.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research