Monoamine oxidase A (MAO A) and heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) inhibitors have been shown to decrease the progression of glioblastoma (GBM) and other cancers. In this study, a series of MAO A/HSP90 dual inhibitors were designed and synthesized in the hope to develop more effective treatment of GBM. Compounds 4-b and 4-c are conjugates of isopropylresorcinol (pharmacophore of HSP90 inhibitor) with the phenyl group of clorgyline (MAO A inhibitor) by a tertiary amide bond substituted with methyl (4-b) or ethyl (4-c) group, respectively. They inhibited MAO A activity, HSP90 binding, and the growth of both TMZ-sensitive and -resistant GBM cells. Western blots showed that they increased HSP70 expression indicating reduced function of HSP90, reduced HER2 and phospho-Akt expression similar to MAO A or HSP90 inhibitor itself. Both compounds decreased IFN-γ induced PD-L1 expression in GL26 cells, suggesting they can act as immune checkpoint inhibitor. Further, they reduced tumor growth in GL26 mouse model. NCI-60 analysis showed they also inhibited the growth of colon cancer, leukemia, non-small cell lung and other cancers. Taken together, this study demonstrates MAO A/HSP90 dual inhibitors 4-b and 4-c reduced the growth of GBM and other cancers, and they have potential to inhibit tumor immune escape.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115459
JournalEuropean Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023


  • Glioblastoma
  • Heat shock protein 90
  • Monoamine oxidase A
  • PD-L1 expression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry


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