Dengue nonstructural protein 1 maintains autophagy through retarding caspase-mediated cleavage of beclin-1

Zi Yi Lu, Miao Huei Cheng, Chia Yi Yu, Yee Shin Lin, Trai Ming Yeh, Chia Ling Chen, Chien Chin Chen, Shu Wen Wan, Chih Peng Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Dengue virus (DENV) infection is a significant public health threat in tropical and subtropical regions; however, there is no specific antiviral drug. Accumulated studies have revealed that DENV infection induces several cellular responses, including autophagy and apoptosis. The crosstalk between autophagy and apoptosis is associated with the interactions among components of these two pathways, such as apoptotic caspase-mediated cleavage of autophagy-related proteins. Here, we show that DENV-induced autophagy inhibits early cell apoptosis and hence enhances DENV replication. Later, the apoptotic activities are elevated to suppress autophagy through cleavage of Beclin-1, an essential autophagy-related protein. Inhibition of cleavage of Beclin-1 by a pan-caspase inhibitor, Z-VAD, increases both autophagy and viral replication. Regarding the mechanism, we further found that DENV nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) is able to interact with Beclin-1 during DENV infection. The interaction between Beclin-1 and NS1 attenuates Beclin-1 cleavage and facilitates autophagy to prevent cell apoptosis. Our study suggests a novel mechanism whereby NS1 preserves Beclin-1 for maintaining autophagy to antagonize early cell apoptosis; however, elevated caspases trigger apoptosis by degrading Beclin-1 in the late stage of infection. These findings suggest implications for anti-DENV drug design.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9702
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2 2020


  • Apoptosis
  • Autophagy
  • Beclin-1
  • Caspase
  • Dengue virus
  • NS1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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