Degree of Pelvic Rotation in the Coronal Plane on Postoperative Radiographs Obtained after Total Hip Arthroplasty

Kuei Lin Yeh, Tai Yin Wu, Chiou Shann Fuh, Chu Song Chen, Sheng Mou Hou, Chen Hao Chiang, Chen Kun Liaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


There are many published cup anteversion measurements for postoperative total hip arthroplasty (THA), including Liaw’s, Lewinnek’s, and Murray’s methods. However, most measurements ignore the potential pelvic rotation on radiographs except in Liaw’s method. Without considering pelvic rotation, clinicians can miscalculate cup anteversion. Therefore, we aimed to quantify the mean degree of pelvic rotation. Herein, we collected 388 radiographs of 98 postoperative THA hips of 77 patients and measured pelvic rotation by measuring h, the horizontal displacement of the sacrococcygeal junction associated with the upper pole of the symphysis pubis, and ssd, the distance between the sacrococcygeal junction and pubic symphysis. The angle θ of pelvic rotation was defined as θ = arc sin (h/ssd) × (180°/π). The mean degree of pelvic rotation was then calculated. The standard deviation of h was 7.84 mm, and the mean ssd was 158 mm. The potential pelvic rotation was 2.50°. The p-values from the paired t-test were all >0.05 when interobserver and intraobserver errors were assessed. This is the first study to quantify the potential pelvic rotation in the coronal plane on postoperative plain radiographs. The potential pelvic rotation was too large to be neglected during the measurement of cup anteversion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6353
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • hip osteoarthritis
  • Liaw’s anteversion
  • pelvic rotation
  • total hip arthroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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