Deep-Learning Approach to Predict Survival Outcomes Using Wearable Actigraphy Device Among End-Stage Cancer Patients

Tien Yun Yang, Pin Yu Kuo, Yaoru Huang, Hsiao Wei Lin, Shwetambara Malwade, Long Sheng Lu, Lung Wen Tsai, Shabbir Syed-Abdul, Chia Wei Sun, Jeng Fong Chiou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Survival prediction is highly valued in end-of-life care clinical practice, and patient performance status evaluation stands as a predominant component in survival prognostication. While current performance status evaluation tools are limited to their subjective nature, the advent of wearable technology enables continual recordings of patients' activity and has the potential to measure performance status objectively. We hypothesize that wristband actigraphy monitoring devices can predict in-hospital death of end-stage cancer patients during the time of their hospital admissions. The objective of this study was to train and validate a long short-term memory (LSTM) deep-learning prediction model based on activity data of wearable actigraphy devices. The study recruited 60 end-stage cancer patients in a hospice care unit, with 28 deaths and 32 discharged in stable condition at the end of their hospital stay. The standard Karnofsky Performance Status score had an overall prognostic accuracy of 0.83. The LSTM prediction model based on patients' continual actigraphy monitoring had an overall prognostic accuracy of 0.83. Furthermore, the model performance improved with longer input data length up to 48 h. In conclusion, our research suggests the potential feasibility of wristband actigraphy to predict end-of-life admission outcomes in palliative care for end-stage cancer patients. Clinical Trial Registration: The study protocol was registered on (ID: NCT04883879).

Original languageEnglish
Article number730150
JournalFrontiers in Public Health
Publication statusPublished - Dec 9 2021


  • actigraphy
  • deep learning
  • long short-term memory networks
  • palliative care
  • performance status
  • prognostic accuracy
  • survival prediction
  • wearable technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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